Spring Boot Application as a Service on Ubuntu Server

Afikur Rahman Afikur Rahman Follow Apr 05, 2020 · 2 mins read
Spring Boot Application as a Service on Ubuntu Server
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Building Your Spring Boot Application Run the following command inside your application’s root directory:

mvn clean package

The executable JAR file is now available in the target directory. By executing the following command on the command line we can run the application

java -jar my-spring-boot-app-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar

But the application is now running on foreground. So you might want to run it in detached mode or as a background process. So you might add an & at the end of the earlier command. In this way process goes into background and your terminal is free. But is it a good way of running your application?

The answer is No. You might want to see your spring standard output logs or store it somewhere. Also you may need to restart the application. Or you might need to restart the server and when the server is up again you want your application to startup automatically.

For this in mind, you might need to write a systemd service on linux. What is a systemd service?

A unit configuration file whose name ends in “.service” encodes information about a process controlled and supervised by systemd.

With the power of systemd service gives you much more control over your application startup.

Before creating the service let’s copy our application to this directory /usr/local/applications/my-spring-boot-app/. This could be any directory. It’s totally your choice. But make sure the user who runs the application has the proper permissions. For Linux group and user permissions in mind. Let’s create a user and a group just for deploying the application. I’ll be creating a user and a group with the same name spring. It can be any name you want.

sudo mkdir /usr/local/applications
sudo useradd -U -d /usr/local/applications -M -s /bin/false spring
sudo chown -R spring:spring /usr/local/applications

Our .jar is placed where we wanted. Let’s now write a systemd service for our spring boot application.

Run the following command to create a service named my-spring-boot-app.service. All the service ends with a .service extension

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/my-spring-boot-app.service

Now put the following contents into the file

Description=A Spring Boot application


ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -jar /usr/local/applications/my-spring-boot-app-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar


Next, reload the systemd daemon using the following command:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Start the application using the following command:

sudo systemctl start my-spring-boot-app.service

To check the status of the application run the following command:

sudo systemctl status my-spring-boot-app.service

If you want to see the logs output of the service, you can you journalctl

sudo journalctl -u my-spring-boot-app.service -f

-u , --unit is to specify the systemd unit

-f, --follow to show the most recent entries

Afikur Rahman
Written by Afikur Rahman Follow
Hi, I am Afikur Rahman.